Italy is a parliamentary republic with a head of government - the prime minister - appointed by the president and a head of state - the president. The Parliament is composed of 2 houses: the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate of the Republic.
Italy is a member of the eurozone since 1 January 1999 and of the Schengen area since 26 October 1997. There are 75 members of the European Parliament from Italy.
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