MEPs are expected to call on EU member states to address the structural roots of racism and discrimination in the EU. Policies dealing with culture, education, media and sport must be adjusted to eliminate structural racism present in the EU.
The text demands the elimination of racial and ethnic segregation that still exists in the education systems of some EU countries and for teaching staff from racial and ethnic minority groups to have equal access to teaching jobs.
Other measures proposed include a call for media to stop spreading stigmatising narratives that dehumanise members of particular ethnic or racial groups, as well as a proposal to stop EU and state funding for media outlets that promote hate speech and xenophobia.
As reported by the 2019 Eurobarometer, over half of Europeans believe that racial discrimination is widespread in their country, with “Being Roma” (61% of respondents), “Ethnic origin” (59%) and “Skin colour” (59%) being the top three grounds for discrimination. On 18 September 2020, the European Commission published its communication “A Union of equality: EU anti-racism action plan 2020-2025”. Concretely, the Action Plan calls for better enforcement of EU law; closer coordination, including through the appointment of a Coordinator for Anti-racism; the adoption of national action plans against racism and racial discrimination; more efforts in preventing discriminatory attitudes by law enforcement authorities; and increased diversity of staff in the EU institutions. Equality is one of the fundamental values on which the EU is founded. It is duly reflected in the Treaties and the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU. International agreements, such as the European Convention on Human Rights also prohibit discrimination on various grounds, with limited exceptions in justified cases. With regard to the fight against racism and xenophobia, the main EU instrument is the Framework Decision on combating certain forms and expressions of racism and xenophobia by means of criminal law. This framework decision harmonises criminal definitions and sanctions.