Event date: 08/04/2021
Animal welfare is an important aspect of sustainability, and also of product quality, and may result in consumers refusing to buy products.
The welfare of an individual is its state as regards its attempts to cope with its environment. Welfare includes feelings and health and can be measured scientifically. It is a biological concept, quite different from rights, and refers only to living animals.
The first EU rules protecting farm animals date back to the 1970s. The 1998 directive for the protection of farmed animals established general standards for the protection of all animals kept for the production of food, wool, skin, fur or other farming purposes - including fish, reptiles and amphibians - and is based on the European Convention for the Protection of Animals kept for Farming Purposes and they reflect the so-called 'Five Freedoms': freedom from hunger and thirst, from discomfort, from pain, injury and disease, to express normal behaviour and from fear and distress.